Alan Turing

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The Ideal: "...To assure each one the facility of perfecting his skill.....Those talents with which Nature has endowed him; and thereby to establish among all citizens an actual equality, thus rendering real the political equality recognized by the law. This should be the first aim of any national obligation of justice." (Condorcet, 1792)

The reality: “Ideas are far more powerful than guns. We don't let our people have guns. Why should we let them have ideas?” (Josrph Stalin)

United States Public Secondary Education

Common Core Standards

Democracy in the United States

Justice Joseph Story: On the Second Amendment

".........Republics are created by the virtue, public spirit, and intelligence of the citizens. They fall, when the wise are banished from the public councils, because they dare to be honest, and the profligate are rewarded, because they flatter the people, in order to betray them." Joseph Story Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, 2d ed. (1851), vol. 2, chapter 45, p. 617.

“Tyranny in democratic republics does not proceed in the same way, however. It ignores the body and goes straight for the soul. The master no longer says: You will think as I do or die. He says: You are free not to think as I do. You may keep your life, your property, and everything else. But from this day forth you shall be as a stranger among us. You will retain your civic privileges, but they will be of no use to you. For if you seek the votes of your fellow citizens, they will withhold them, and if you seek only their esteem, they will feign to refuse even that. You will remain among men, but you will forfeit your rights to humanity. When you approach your fellow creatures, they will shun you as one who is impure. And even those who believe in your innocence will abandon you, lest they, too, be shunned in turn. Go in peace, I will not take your life, but the life I leave you with is worse than death.” Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy in America

This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it, or their revolutionary right to dismember or overthrow it....." Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address March 4, 1861

"....The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is it's natural manure...." Thomas Jefferson to William Stephens Smith, Paris, 13 Nov. 1787


Francis P. Saitta, Editor

The Online Science Digest is an Electronic Publication devoted to public access to topics in Education, Science/Mathematics, and other areas of Public Interest; also, Letters, Commentaries, and Abstracts of Original Work are considered for publication and should be no more than one page.

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"From the time of the white man's arrival, the Indian formed new tastes...but not the means of satisfying them...he grew dependent upon the Europeans, and became their lackey" (deBeaumont, 1835)

One evening an old Cherokee told his grandson about a battle that goes on inside all people. He said, "My son, the battle is between two 'wolves' inside us all. One is Evil. It is anger, envy, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego. The other is Good. It is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion and faith." The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, "Which wolf wins?" The old Cherokee simply replied, "The one you feed."

A STRATEGY of GENOCIDE and the DESTRUCTION of a CIVILIZATION: The American Paradigm for Democracy and Freedom

Trail of Tears

The creation of a Jewish State in the Middle East was a colossal foreign policy blunder!!!; not in the interests of the United States, and needs to be reversed.

“But you know as well as I do that, somehow, the Israeli government is placed on a pedestal [in the US], and to criticize it is to be immediately dubbed anti-Semitic ... People are scared in this country, to say wrong is wrong because the Jewish lobby is powerful -- very powerful.” D. Tutu, “Apartheid in the Holy Land," The Guardian (Britain), April 29, 2002.

Haaretz cartoonist: I was mocking Netanyahu's handling of U.S.-Israeli relations

"Tyranny in Democratic Republics...ignores the body and goes straight for the soul (spirit). (It tells the citizen)...You are free not to think (and speak) as I shall be as a stranger among us." "...literary genius cannot exist without freedom of spirit, and freedom of spirit does not exist in America." (de Tocqueville, 1835)


"Accurate reckoning --- the entrance into the knowledge of all existing things and all obscure secrets." (Ahmes the Scribe, 17th Century B.C.); "A patient pursuit of facts, and cautious combination and comparison of them, is the drudgery to which man is subjected by his Maker, if he wishes to attain sure knowledge." (Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-1782)

"Let reason be opposed to reason, and argument to argument"..for.."Nature has given to man no other means of sifting out the truth, either in religion, law, or politics"...and to those advocating opinions contrary to the public good..."let them stand undisturbed, as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated, where reason is left free to combat it." (John Milton, 1644; Thomas Jefferson, 1792 and 1801)

"...the enemy of the human race, finds his most powerful weapon in the ignorance of men..(thus)..the education of children in one of the primary interests of the state...." (Conneticut Code, 1650). "....because the spirit of institutions remains the same, while everything changes around them; and because bad students become themselves bad teachers who, in turn, make their pupils teachers who resemble them, there has been established a sort of perpetuity of ignorance, which is consecrated by old institutions..." (Diderot, 1775-1776)


"Evil exists in the world not to create despair but activity. We are not patiently to submit to it, but to exert ourselves to avoid it. It is not only the interest but the duty of every individual to use his utmost efforts to remove evil from himself and from as large a circle as he can influence, and the more he exercises himself in this duty, the more wisely he directs his efforts, and the more successful these efforts are, the more he will probably improve and exalt his own mind and the more completely does he appear to fulfil the will of his Creator." (Thomas Malthus: 1798)
Rosalind Franklin


"....The power to tax involves the power to destroy..." John Marshall, Cheif Justice of the United States. McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. (4 Wheaton) 316 (1819).
John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States

Other Topics/Information Resources



About garlic???......a very healthy herb to include in your diet. The problem one encounters, however, is that your family, friends, associates, and people in general, with whom you come in contact, might not quite understand this use of garlic. Notwithstanding, if you are not using this delicious/healthy herb in your diet...consider it.